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Dieses Thema im Forum "Small Talk" wurde erstellt von riffraff, 5. Mai 2003.

  1. riffraff

    riffraff Gold Member

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    Anzeige
    Sechs US-Staaten verbieten Fernseher und Telefone
    München (chb) – In den USA wurde eine neue Runde im Kampf gegen die Medienpiraterie eingeläutet: Sechs amerikanische Bundesstaaten verbieten nun per Gesetz den Betrieb von Geräten wie Fernsehern, Computern, Telefonen und dergleichen.

    Nur wer sich von den regionalen "Communication Service Providern" die ausdrückliche Zustimmung zur Benutzung einholt, soll straffrei davon kommen. Alle anderen würden somit als Kriminelle behandelt.

    Initiiert wurden die Gesetze von der "Motion Picture Assocation of America". Diese sehen die neuen Regeln lediglich als kleine Änderungen bestehender Gesetze im Kampf gegen "Internet-Piraterie" und "Kabelfernsehen-Schmarotzer" und verteidigen so ihren Vorstoß.

    Totale Kontrolle?
    Die neuen Gesetze sollen den Besitz, die Entwicklung, Weitergabe oder Nutzung jeglicher Kommunikationsgeräte in Verbindung mit einem Kommunikationsdienst (wie Telefonnetz, Mobilfunknetz, Kabel-TV, Internetzugang, Kabelradio, etc.) ohne die ausdrückliche Genehmigung verbieten.

    Damit könnten die Kabel-TV-Anbieter ihr vor Jahrzehnten gefordertes Verbot von Videorekordern endlich durchsetzen oder beispielsweise Telefonnetz-Betreiber nur bestimmte Geräte zulassen. Auch Exklusiv-Verträge mit einzelnen Hardware-Herstellern wären nun möglich, da den Kunden auch nur Geräte bestimmter Marke erlaubt werden können.

    Weitere US-Staaten schließen sich an
    In Delaware, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wyoming sind die Vorschläge der Filmindustrie bereits Gesetz. Arkansas und Colorado haben den weit reichenden Gesetzentwurf ebenfalls beschlossen.

    Erst als Texas und Massachussetts daran gingen, die gleichen Bestimmungen einzuführen, wurden die Organisationen für Konsumentenschutz aufmerksam und sofort aktiv. Denn nun wollen sich weitere Staaten anschließen: Florida, Georgia, Oregon, Tennessee und South Carolina planen die Einführung ebenfalls.


    Quelle
    Ich kann es fasst nicht glauben, aber es scheint wirklich so zu sein... Ich denke, dass sich da jeder Kommentar erübrigt.

    RR
     
  2. Commander Keen

    Commander Keen Gold Member

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    Man sieht schön langsam in welche Richtung es in den USA geht...
    Ich glaube, im Irak war nur der Sat-Empfang verboten, nicht aber der Besitz von TV-Geräten.
     
  3. Gorcon

    Gorcon Kanzler Mitarbeiter

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    Na dann wird es ja nicht mehr lange dauern das man sowas hier auch einführen will. wüt
    Gruß Gorcon
     
  4. Commander Keen

    Commander Keen Gold Member

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    So wie es aussieht, ist das keine Ente.

    Hier mal der im Chip-Board gepostete Gesetzestext:
    Public Act 92-0728

    SB1646 Enrolled LRB9211249RCcd

    AN ACT in relation to criminal law.

    Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois,
    represented in the General Assembly:

    Section 5. The Criminal Code of 1961 is amended by adding
    Sections 16-18, 16-19, 16-20, and 16-21 as follows:

    (720 ILCS 5/16-18 new)
    Sec. 16-18. Unlawful communication and access devices;
    definitions. As used in Sections 16-19, 16-20, and 16-21,
    unless the context otherwise indicates:
    "Communication device" means any type of instrument,
    device, machine, or equipment which is capable of
    transmitting, acquiring, decrypting, or receiving any
    telephonic, electronic, data, Internet access, audio, video,
    microwave, or radio transmissions, signals, communications,
    or services, including the receipt, acquisition,
    transmission, or decryption of all such communications,
    transmissions, signals, or services provided by or through
    any cable television, fiber optic, telephone, satellite,
    microwave, radio, Internet-based, data transmission, or
    wireless distribution network, system or facility; or any
    part, accessory, or component thereof, including any computer
    circuit, security module, smart card, software, computer
    chip, electronic mechanism or other component, accessory or
    part of any communication device which is capable of
    facilitating the transmission, decryption, acquisition or
    reception of all such communications, transmissions, signals,
    or services.
    "Communication service" means any service lawfully
    provided for a charge or compensation to facilitate the
    lawful origination, transmission, emission, or reception of
    signs, signals, data, writings, images, and sounds or
    intelligence of any nature by telephone, including cellular
    telephones or a wire, wireless, radio, electromagnetic,
    photo-electronic or photo-optical system; and also any
    service lawfully provided by any radio, telephone, cable
    television, fiber optic, satellite, microwave, Internet-based
    or wireless distribution network, system, facility or
    technology, including, but not limited to, any and all
    electronic, data, video, audio, Internet access, telephonic,
    microwave and radio communications, transmissions, signals
    and services, and any such communications, transmissions,
    signals and services lawfully provided directly or indirectly
    by or through any of those networks, systems, facilities or
    technologies.
    "Communication service provider" means: (1) any person or
    entity providing any communication service, whether directly
    or indirectly, as a reseller, including, but not limited to,
    a cellular, paging or other wireless communications company
    or other person or entity which, for a fee, supplies the
    facility, cell site, mobile telephone switching office or
    other equipment or communication service; (2) any person or
    entity owning or operating any cable television, fiber optic,
    satellite, telephone, wireless, microwave, radio, data
    transmission or Internet-based distribution network, system
    or facility; and (3) any person or entity providing any
    communication service directly or indirectly by or through
    any such distribution system, network or facility.
    "Unlawful communication device" means any electronic
    serial number, mobile identification number, personal
    identification number or any communication device that is
    capable of acquiring or facilitating the acquisition of a
    communication service without the express consent or express
    authorization of the communication service provider, or that
    has been altered, modified, programmed or reprogrammed, alone
    or in conjunction with another communication device or other
    equipment, to so acquire or facilitate the unauthorized
    acquisition of a communication service. "Unlawful
    communication device" also means:
    (1) any phone altered to obtain service without the
    express consent or express authorization of the
    communication service provider, tumbler phone,
    counterfeit or clone phone, tumbler microchip,
    counterfeit or clone microchip or other instrument
    capable of disguising its identity or location or of
    gaining unauthorized access to a communications system
    operated by a communication service provider; and
    (2) any communication device which is capable of,
    or has been altered, designed, modified, programmed or
    reprogrammed, alone or in conjunction with another
    communication device or devices, so as to be capable of,
    facilitating the disruption, acquisition, receipt,
    transmission or decryption of a communication service
    without the express consent or express authorization of
    the communication service provider, including, but not
    limited to, any device, technology, product, service,
    equipment, computer software or component or part
    thereof, primarily distributed, sold, designed,
    assembled, manufactured, modified, programmed,
    reprogrammed or used for the purpose of providing the
    unauthorized receipt of, transmission of, disruption of,
    decryption of, access to or acquisition of any
    communication service provided by any communication
    service provider.
    "Manufacture or assembly of an unlawful communication
    device" means to make, produce or assemble an unlawful
    communication device or to modify, alter, program or
    reprogram a communication device to be capable of acquiring,
    disrupting, receiving, transmitting, decrypting, or
    facilitating the acquisition, disruption, receipt,
    transmission or decryption of, a communication service
    without the express consent or express authorization of the
    communication service provider, or to knowingly assist others
    in those activities.
    "Unlawful access device" means any type of instrument,
    device, machine, equipment, technology, or software which is
    primarily possessed, used, designed, assembled, manufactured,
    sold, distributed or offered, promoted or advertised for the
    purpose of defeating or circumventing any technology, device
    or software, or any component or part thereof, used by the
    provider, owner or licensee of any communication service or
    of any data, audio or video programs or transmissions to
    protect any such communication, audio or video services,
    programs or transmissions from unauthorized access,
    acquisition, receipt, decryption, disclosure, communication,
    transmission or re-transmission.
    "Manufacture or assembly of an unlawful access device"
    means to make, produce or assemble an unlawful access device
    or to modify, alter, program or re-program any instrument,
    device, machine, equipment or software so that it is capable
    of defeating or circumventing any technology, device or
    software used by the provider, owner or licensee of a
    communication service or of any data, audio or video programs
    or transmissions to protect any such communication, data,
    audio or video services, programs or transmissions from
    unauthorized access, acquisition, disclosure, receipt,
    decryption, communication, transmission or re-transmission.

    (720 ILCS 5/16-19 new)
    Sec. 16-19. Prohibited acts. A person commits an offense
    if he or she knowingly:
    (1) obtains or uses a communication service without the
    authorization of, or compensation paid to, the communication
    service provider, or assists or instructs any other person in
    doing so with intent to defraud the communication service
    provider;
    (2) possesses, uses, manufactures, assembles,
    distributes, leases, transfers, or sells, or offers, promotes
    or advertises for sale, lease, use, or distribution an
    unlawful communication device:
    (A) for the commission of a theft of a
    communication service or to receive, disrupt, transmit,
    decrypt, or acquire, or facilitate the receipt,
    disruption, transmission, decryption or acquisition, of
    any communication service without the express consent or
    express authorization of the communication service
    provider; or
    (B) to conceal or to assist another to conceal from
    any communication service provider or from any lawful
    authority the existence or place of origin or destination
    of any communication;
    (3) modifies, alters, programs or reprograms a
    communication device for the purposes described in
    subdivision (2)(A) or (2)(B);
    (4) possesses, uses, manufactures, assembles, leases,
    distributes, sells, or transfers, or offers, promotes or
    advertises for sale, use or distribution, any unlawful access
    device; or
    (5) possesses, uses, prepares, distributes, gives or
    otherwise transfers to another or offers, promotes, or
    advertises for sale, use or distribution any:
    (A) plans or instructions for making or assembling
    an unlawful communication or access device, under
    circumstances evidencing an intent to use or employ the
    unlawful communication or access device, or to allow the
    same to be used or employed, for a purpose prohibited by
    this Section, or knowing or having reason to believe that
    the plans or instructions are intended to be used for
    manufacturing or assembling the unlawful communication or
    access device for a purpose prohibited by this Section;
    or
    (B) material, including hardware, cables, tools,
    data, computer software or other information or
    equipment, knowing that the purchaser or a third person
    intends to use the material in the manufacture or
    assembly of an unlawful communication or access device
    for a purpose prohibited by this Section.

    (720 ILCS 5/16-20 new)
    Sec. 16-20. Criminal penalties.
    (a) Except for violations of Section 16-19 as provided
    for in subsection (b) or (c) of this Section, a person who
    violates Section 16-19 is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
    (b) An offense under Section 16-19 is a Class 4 felony
    if:
    (1) the defendant has been convicted previously
    under Section 16-19 or convicted of any similar crime in
    this or any federal or other state jurisdiction; or
    (2) the violation of Section 16-19 involves at
    least 10, but not more than 50, unlawful communication or
    access devices.
    (c) An offense under Section 16-19 is a Class 3 felony
    if:
    (1) the defendant has been convicted previously on
    2 or more occasions for offenses under Section 16-19 or
    for any similar crime in this or any federal or other
    state jurisdiction; or
    (2) the violation of Section 16-19 involves more
    than 50 unlawful communication or access devices.
    (d) For purposes of grading an offense based upon a
    prior conviction under Section 16-19 or for any similar crime
    under subdivisions (b)(1) and (c)(1) of this Section, a prior
    conviction shall consist of convictions upon separate
    indictments or criminal complaints for offenses under Section
    16-19 or any similar crime in this or any federal or other
    state jurisdiction.
    (e) As provided for in subdivisions (b)(1) and (c)(1) of
    this Section, in grading an offense under Section 16-19 based
    upon a prior conviction, the term "any similar crime" shall
    include, but not be limited to, offenses involving theft of
    service or fraud, including violations of the Cable
    Communications Policy Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-549, 98
    Stat. 2779).
    (f) Separate offenses. For purposes of all criminal
    penalties or fines established for violations of Section
    16-19, the prohibited activity established in Section 16-19
    as it applies to each unlawful communication or access device
    shall be deemed a separate offense.
    (g) Fines. For purposes of imposing fines upon
    conviction of a defendant for an offense under Section 16-19,
    all fines shall be imposed in accordance with Article 9 of
    Chapter V of the Unified Code of Corrections.
    (h) Restitution. The court shall, in addition to any
    other sentence authorized by law, sentence a person convicted
    of violating Section 16-19 to make restitution in the manner
    provided in Article 5 of Chapter V of the Unified Code of
    Corrections.
    (i) Forfeiture of unlawful communication or access
    devices. Upon conviction of a defendant under Section 16-19,
    the court may, in addition to any other sentence authorized
    by law, direct that the defendant forfeit any unlawful
    communication or access devices in the defendant's possession
    or control which were involved in the violation for which the
    defendant was convicted.
    (j) Venue. An offense under Section 16-19 may be deemed
    to have been committed at either the place where the
    defendant manufactured or assembled an unlawful communication
    or access device, or assisted others in doing so, or the
    place where the unlawful communication or access device was
    sold or delivered to a purchaser or recipient. It is not a
    defense to a violation of Section 16-19 that some of the acts
    constituting the offense occurred outside of the State of
    Illinois.

    (720 ILCS 5/16-21 new)
    Sec. 16-21. Civil actions.
    (a) Any person aggrieved by a violation of Section 16-19
    may bring a civil action in any court of competent
    jurisdiction.
    (b) The court may:
    (1) grant preliminary and final injunctions to
    prevent or restrain violations of Section 16-19 without a
    showing by the plaintiff of special damages, irreparable
    harm or inadequacy of other legal remedies;
    (2) at any time while an action is pending, order
    the impounding, on such terms as it deems reasonable, of
    any unlawful communication or access device that is in
    the custody or control of the violator and that the court
    has reasonable cause to believe was involved in the
    alleged violation of Section 16-19;
    (3) award damages as described in subsection (c);
    (4) in its discretion, award reasonable attorney's
    fees and costs, including, but not limited to, costs for
    investigation, testing and expert witness fees, to an
    aggrieved party who prevails; and
    (5) as part of a final judgment or decree finding a
    violation of Section 16-19, order the remedial
    modification or destruction of any unlawful communication
    or access device involved in the violation that is in the
    custody or control of the violator or has been impounded
    under subdivision (2) of this subsection (b).
    (c) Types of damages recoverable. Damages awarded by a
    court under this Section shall be computed as either of the
    following:
    (1) Upon his or her election of such damages at any
    time before final judgment is entered, the complaining
    party may recover the actual damages suffered by him or
    her as a result of the violation of Section 16-19 and any
    profits of the violator that are attributable to the
    violation and are not taken into account in computing the
    actual damages. In determining the violator's profits,
    the complaining party shall be required to prove only the
    violator's gross revenue, and the violator shall be
    required to prove his or her deductible expenses and the
    elements of profit attributable to factors other than the
    violation; or
    (2) Upon election by the complaining party at any
    time before final judgment is entered, that party may
    recover in lieu of actual damages an award of statutory
    damages of not less than $250 and not more than $10,000
    for each unlawful communication or access device involved
    in the action, with the amount of statutory damages to be
    determined by the court, as the court considers just. In
    any case, if the court finds that any of the violations
    of Section 16-19 were committed willfully and for
    purposes of commercial advantage or private financial
    gain, the court in its discretion may increase the award
    of statutory damages by an amount of not more than
    $50,000 for each unlawful communication or access device
    involved in the action.
    (d) For purposes of all civil remedies established for
    violations of Section 16-19, the prohibited activity
    established in this Section applies to each unlawful
    communication or access device and shall be deemed a separate
    violation.

    (720 ILCS 5/16-10 rep.)
    (720 ILCS 5/16-11 rep.)
    (720 ILCS 5/16-12 rep.)
    (720 ILCS 5/16-13 rep.)

    Section 10. The Criminal Code of 1961 is amended by
    repealing Sections 16-10, 16-11, 16-12, and 16-13.
    Passed in the General Assembly May 22, 2002.
    Approved July 25, 2002.
    Effective January 01, 2003.
     
  5. riffraff

    riffraff Gold Member

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    @Gorcon

    Hatten wir schon mal: Anfangs durften Sat-Schüsseln nur von Mitarbeiter der Post angebracht werden. In den Anfangsjahren des Fernsehens durften die Geräte ebenfalls nur von Postmitarbeitern aufgestellt werden.
    Ich gratuliere den US-Bürgern zu ihren Politikern breites_

    RR
     
  6. Gorcon

    Gorcon Kanzler Mitarbeiter

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    Wuste ich nicht das es bei "euch" solche Gesetze gab. breites_ Sowas gabs im Osten nicht. ha!
    Gruß Gorcon
     
  7. riffraff

    riffraff Gold Member

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    @Gorcon

    Bin auch Ossi habe aber vor kurzem einen Artikel über die Anfänge von Fernsehen und SAT-Technik gelesen breites_ . Als "Bundesbürger" sag ich daher "bei uns ". Solche Schnüffelei hab ich zu DDR-Zeiten ( 1988 ) auch schon mal erlebt, als plötzlich 2 Leute von der Feuerwehr vor der Tür standen, eine Brandschutzbegehung machten und sich brennend dafür interesseirten ob ich einen Computer + Drucker habe ha!

    RR

    <small>[ 05. Mai 2003, 20:28: Beitrag editiert von: riffraff ]</small>
     
  8. Gorcon

    Gorcon Kanzler Mitarbeiter

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    Da haben die wohl einen Tipp vom Zoll bekommen.
    sch&uuml
    Meinen Eltern haben die mal die "Westantenne" vom Dach geschmissen. Danach hat mein Vater das Ding unter "Strom" mit Weidezaun Gerät gesetzt, aber auf maximum "getrimmt". breites_ Die Antenne hat nie wieder einer angefasst. :cool:
    Gruß Gorcon
     
  9. sderrick

    sderrick Board Ikone

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    wobinich
    Lesen sollte man dann doch und zwar den original text (wenn denn der von @Moloch gepostete gesetzestext der richtige ist)

    Von zustimmung für den betrieb eines communication device steht da nix, sondern von veränderungen solcher einrichtungen, die den illegalen empfang von services ermöglichen.

    Ähnliches gilt hier ja auch, die unterschiede betreffen eher den reinen besitz von "umgehungseinrichtungen" (wie sie hier wohl genannt werden. Die strafandrohungen kann ich nicht beurteilen.
     
  10. Commander Keen

    Commander Keen Gold Member

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    Tja, jetzt habe ich den Text mal auch durchgelesen...
    Ich denke es zielt auch mit auf die Verwendung von TCPA und die Umgehung von Kopierschutzmechanismen hin.
    Danach wird in diesen Staaten es auch nicht mehr erlaubt sein, einen non TCPA PC zu erwerben, bzw. mal zu benutzen.
    Solche Sachen wie die Dreambox mit Ethernet oder DVB-Karten mit denen man Streamen könnte werden dann dort gar nicht erst erlaubt werden.
     

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